Monday, January 20, 2020
Industrial Music Rock and roll is dead. It's a fact. During the eighties romp of techno and fashion bands, people forgot all about it. In the late eighties and early nineties alternative music tried to save rock and roll, but it was too big of a category. If a band didn't sing country or rap, they were considered alternative. Every alternative band had their own idea of music, and it all spread apart, running farther away from rock. Finally, when alternative became more defined and broke off into categories, one specific type of alternative offspring, industrial music, made the best attempt in a decade to revive the long forgotten era of rock and roll. The only problem with this new rock is that it was angered from being forgotten for over a decade and now it's back, filled with angst and hatred. Industrial music has weaved rock and roll with evil and misery. The founder and leader of the industrial revolution is the band Nine Inch Nails. Most people do not classify Nine Inch Nails as a band though. The writer, producer, lead vocalist, keyboarder and guitarist of the band is Trent Reznor. For the past two years, Trent has been the artist of the year in Spin magazine and NIN has been the number two band of the year. In 1994, Nine Inch Nails was announced MTV's band of the year. This was a great honor because MTV spends most of it's time with rap and hip-hop. When NIN's first album came out in 1989, it was mostly rock and roll with a techno twist, containing songs full of depressing, suicidal lyrics. Then as the next two albums arose, Trent became more evil with his music, using machines and pretty much anything he could find that would make his music sound angered and irritated. This hard, twisted music, backed up by words of pure hatred started the industrial ball rolling. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã One band that has tried to lighten up industrial just a tad is KMFDM, a German industrial band. The band name stands for Klein Mitlied Fuhr Das Merhiet, which is Little pity for the tyranny. Instead of using the suicidal, evil lyrics, KMFDM has used their music as more of a philosophical communication. They sing about how screwed up they think the world is and how much we are controlled by people we didn't know existed. The lyrics may sound depressing still, but the music is a little more upbeat. KMFDM got rid of the tortured machine sounds and added horns and synthesizers, making the music sound more digital and less like grinding gears.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Intro Kafka never fully embraced Zionism, and he remained ambivalent toward Judaism. He was more openly interested in anarchism and socialism, but was not committed to either philosophy because he refused to completely align himself with an established worldview. Modernism -Kafka was exposed to Modernism. -Modernism was a movement during the late 19th century and early twentieth century of scientific, technological and industrial development. Modernists shared a desire to create literature that was new and different. Their belief was to capture the reality of modern life and that rapid change cause uncertainty, disjointedness, and alienation. Kafka wrote about the absurdity of existence, the alienating experience of modern life, and the cruelty of authoritarian power. -The word Kafkaesque has passed into the literature to describe an unsettling, disorienting, nightmarish world that is at once both fearful and menacing in its ambiguity and complexity. Kafka's views on Humanity Speakin g with his friend Max Brod, Kafka once explained that he thought human beings were trapped in a hopeless world. This belief never leaves Kafka's writing, and it is present in The Metamorphosis, where Gregor's only option, in the end, is to die. Ironically, the story ends on an optimistic note, as the family puts itself back together. Existentialism -Kafka never studied philosophy but he was friends with several intellectuals and read works by famous philosophers. -Several people think of Kafka as an existentialist. -Existentialism is a 20th-century philosophical movement, which assumes that people are entirely free and thus responsible for what they make of themselves. -The early 19th century philosopher Soren Kierkegaard is regarded as the father of existentialism. -Franz Kafka was an important literary author in existentialism. His story, which is surreal, is one of many modernist literary works that was influenced by existentialist philosophy. -The Metamorphosis advances the existential view of the responsibility of the individual to maintain a balance between work and leisure. If one chooses to devote their life entirely to work, they are no more than droning insects, yet if they devote their lives to leisure, they are no better off. -Gregor initially chooses society over himself, which in turn transformed him into the working drone he was. After his physical transformation, he is forced reassert his focus to himself, and society abandons him. Nietzche and Kierkgaard -Kierkegaard and Nietzsche considered the role of making free choices,Ã Kierkegaard'sÃ knight of faithÃ and Nietzsche'sÃ UbermenschÃ are representative of people who exhibitÃ Freedom and define the nature of their own existence. -Nietzsche's ideal individual invents his or her own values and creates the terms under which they excel. -Gregor's monstrous insect form represents Gregor's radical refusal to submit to society's values like Nietzschean Ubermensch. Martin Buber -Kafka was friends with philosopher and existentialist Martin Buber. They would send each other letters and these letters were later published in Bubers The letters of Martin Buber: a life of dialogue. Together they discussed existentialism and were part of a literary circle. They were both jewish and anarchists. -Shared existentialist rejection of achieving real satisfaction in life. Characters in KafkaÃ¢â¬â¢s tales are left wanting something, needing a connection to the world that can never be made complete. Sigmund Freud -Kafka was familiar with the newly published works of Sigmund Freud. -However, he was no Freudian disciple and wrote negatively of psychoanalytic theory. But Gregor's conflict with his father and the dream-like quality of the story realtes to Freud's analysis of dreams and the Oedipal complex: Ã¢â¬â A subconscious sexual desire in a child, especially a male child, for the parent of the opposite sex, usually accompanied by hostility to the parent of the same sex. Ã¢â¬â All sons feel they are in competition with their father and often feel in a battle against the father. Father vs. Son in Metamorphosis -Gregor seems to have a difficult relationship with his father. His family rejects him, and his main enemy is his father, who wants to kill him. When Gregors father sees Gregor in his insect form, he shakes his fist at him and glares at him fiercely. Later he attacks him with a newspaper and a walking stick, and, bombards him with apples, causing him serious injury. -He is also makes sarcastic comments, suggesting for instance that Gregor's room is untidy. -It also turns out that he has deceived Gregor about the family finances, thus extending the length of Gregor's employment at the hateful traveling salesman's job. -He also does not seem particularly appreciative of the money Gregor has been bringing in. Gregor's disappointment over the lack of appreciation is one of the few critical thoughts he thinks about his father. -He also thinks briefly that the money his father hid from him could have been used to free him from his job sooner, but he quickly dismisses the thought by saying that no doubt his father knew best. -Basically Gregors father abuses him, but he suppresses his angry responses and accepts his downtrodden state. Marx and Kafka -Karl Marx believed alienation is a result of capitalism. Ã¢â¬â Kafka was influenced by his political philosophy of Marxism. A Marxist would read Gregor's inability to work as a protest against the dehumanizing and alienating effects of working in a capitalistic society. -Gregor Samsa, the protagonist, signifies the proletariat, or the working class, and his unnamed manager represents the bourgeoisie. -The conflict that arises between the two after Gregor's metamorphosis, which leaves him unable to work, represents the dehumanizing structure of class relations. -Finally, the results of Gregors inability to work is abandonment by his family and death. -The words he chooses to describe his job, Ã¢â¬Å"torture,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"worrying,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"miserableÃ¢â¬ show his discontent with his job. He says, Ã¢â¬Å"If I didn't hold back for my parents' sake, I would have quit long agoÃ¢â¬ . It is only economic necessity that keeps him going to work everyday. Historical Context -In 1912, when Kafka was writing Ã¢â¬Å"The Metamorphosis,Ã¢â¬ Prague was a city of ethnic tensions, primarily between Czechs and Germans and between Czechs and Jews. -Economically, the late nineteenth century marked the climax of the Industrial Revolution in Europe. -Industrial development within the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was not as advanced as in Europe but Prague was one of the most advanced and prosperous cities in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. However, along with the prosperity created by the new industrialism came dislocation and disruption of the old ways, largely as a result of the shift of large numbers of people from the countryside to the city. Industrialization also meant the appearance of large numbers of jobs, for both factory and office workers, which was hardwork. And the school syst em enforced a system of routine learning that seemed relentlessly joylessÃ¢â¬âat least it seemed joyless to young Kafka, who hated school, just as he hated his first full? time job. Long hours at boring jobs create alienation. And oppressive employers like Gregor's were normal.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Dogs have long been considered mans best friend, but their characteristics of loyalty and protectiveness have also earned them the lesser known title of cheetahs best friend. Thats right; dogs are being used more and more frequently to assist in conservation efforts to preserve the endangered cheetah both in captivity and in the wild. Dogs at the Zoo Since the 1980s, the San Diego Zoo Safari Park has assigned companion dogs to cheetahs that are involved in the zoos captive breeding program. Janet Rose-Hinostroza, animal training supervisor at the Park, explains: A dominant dog is very helpful because cheetahs are quite shy instinctively, and you cant breed that out of them. When you pair them, the cheetah looks to the dog for cues and learns to model their behavior. Its about getting them to read that calm, happy-go-lucky vibe from the dog. The primary goal of comforting cheetahs through this unusual partnership is to make them at ease in their captive environment so that they will be able to breed with other cheetahs. Shyness and anxiety dont bode well for a breeding program, so the inter-species friendships that the cheetahs are able to form with dogs can actually benefit the long-term survival of this rare cat. The dogs enlisted by the Park are typically rescued from shelters, giving these homeless canines a new purpose in life. My favorite dog is Hopper because we found him at a kill shelter and hes just 40 pounds, but he lives with Amara, whos our toughest cheetah by far. Its not about strength or overpowering. Its about developing a positive relationship where the cheetah takes her cues from the dog. Cheetah cubs are paired with canine companions at about 3 or 4 months of age. They first meet on opposite sides of a fence with a keeper walking the dog on a leash. If all goes well, the two animals are able to meet for their first play date, although both are kept on leashes initially for safety. Were very protective of our cheetahs, so the introduction is a painfully slow process but a lot of fun. There are lots of toys and distractions, and theyre like two cute little kids who desperately want to play. But cheetahs are instinctively hardwired to feel uneasy so you have to wait and let the cat make the first move. Once the cheetah and dog establish a bond and prove to play well without leashes, they are moved into a shared living space where they spend almost every moment together, except feeding time, when the zoos dogs get to gather, play, and eat together. The dog is the dominant in the relationship, so if we didnt separate them, the dog would eat all the cheetahs food and wed have a really skinny cheetah and a really chubby dog. Among the zoos crew of companion mutts is one purebred Anatolian shepherd known as Yeti. Yeti was recruited to help cheetahs and also to act as a sort of mascot, representing her cousins in Africa who have revolutionized predator management and saved many cheetahs from being killed in defense of livestock. Dogs in the Wild The Cheetah Conservation Funds Livestock Guarding Dog Program is a successful, innovative program that has been helping to save wild cheetahs in Namibia since 1994. While Anatolian shepherds in Namibia do not work in cooperation with cheetahs, they still contribute to the wild cats survival. Before the dogs were employed as conservation tools, cheetahs were shot and trapped by ranchers who were trying to protect their goat herds. Dr. Laurie Marker, founder of the Cheetah Conservation Fund, began training Anatolian shepherds to protect the herds as a non-lethal predator management strategy, and since then, wild cheetah populations have been on the rise.
Friday, December 27, 2019
The making of this world as a better place is not an easy task because of the problems in meeting the needs of all the people at the same time. Different people may have contrasting interests and it is impossible to go these diverse interests in a parallel direction. For example, America wants to continue their dominance as the sole superpower in the world whereas China wants to challenge it. Under such circumstances, it is quite difficult to make a compromise between the Americans and the Chinese for a better world. However, individuals can do something to make this world better. For example, smiling has a lot of power in establishing better relationships with others. This paper analyses the possibilities of smiling in the making of a better world. According to Andre Maurois, Smile, for everyone lacks self-confidence and more than any other one thing a smile reassures them Time). Smiling is the better way of establishing a friendship with others. It is not necessary that the Ameri can president and the Indian prime minister may have any previous contacts. We will write a custom essay sample on How Smiling Can Make the World a Better Place or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page And if the changes we want to see in this world, begin with a smile. Your smile is a precious gift (Imagine Smile for a Change). Smiling can release the tensions. Smiling can be visible in the face of a person who is willing to establish a friendship. In war fronts, smiling is a rare sight. Enemies will never exchange smiles whereas friends always start their meeting with a smile. It is quite possible that the smiling of a person can make his enemy think differently. Smiling can create an entirely different appearance for a person. Even Bin Laden may look pretty when he smiles. As Mother Teresa says, smiling is the symbol of love. Nobody would like to deny a loving offer if it is a harmless one. Today, give a stranger one of your smiles. It might be the only sunshine he sees all day (Quotations About Smiles). Smiling is an invitation for a good thing. People always start good things with the help of a smile. For example, on all celebration occasions, people exchange smiles. In other words, smiling represents the happy mood of the person. When a person is in a happy mood, it is easy to establish better relationships with him. To conclude, smiling can definitely reduce tensions and strengthen relationships or friendships. In other words, smiling can help the people in the creation of a better world.
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Contemporary Art Form Maggi Henry HUM/266 Christina Giacona 8/17/2010 Introduction Ã¢â¬Å"Sustainable agriculture is a way of raising food that is healthy for consumers and animals, does not harm the environment, is humane for workers, respects animals, provides a fair wage to the farmer, and supports and enhances rural communitiesÃ¢â¬ (sustainabletable.org). Depending on where you are purchasing your sustainable goods from purchasing these sustainable foods one is not only helping our economy they may also helping their own bodies. There are many unique ways to incorporate growing sustainable foods and incorporating the process into our daily lives. By using hydroponic production of fruits and vegetables you can also produce artisticÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The only one of its kind in the United States, the plant yields thousands of tomatoes at one time from a single vine. Huang discovered the plant while on vacation last year in Beijing, ChinaÃ¢â¬ (www.intercot.com). Ã¢â¬Å"The Land scientists utilize growing systems that are kinder to the environ ment and improve productivity: (www.intercot.com). Hydroponics and Art If the people at Disney world can produce food like this that not only entertains people because of its uniqueness an d also supplies nourishment for the visitors of the park then why canÃ¢â¬â¢t regular people like you and I produce art and nourishment for people outside of Disney World. All one would need to do is come up with unique forms to make different shapes. Example if there were a need for a dog shaped cantaloupe just make the mold look like the shape of the dog you would want and proceed with the development of the cantaloupe. This would be a great concept especially if you had picky kids that did not like to eat their fruits and vegetables you could change the shape of them to suit what the kids were in to. Say your child liked Hello Kitty for example get molds of her silhouette and you could produce fruits and vegetables that your child may eat. This new field of hydroponics could revolutionize the field of farming not only by being able to make artistic looking food, but also byShow MoreRelatedThe Conservation Of Sustainable Agriculture3041 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesWebster s dictionary defines stewardship as the careful and responsible management of something entrusted in one s care (Webster, 1993). Sustainable agriculture is a method that does not deplete soil, water, air, wildlife or human community resources (Community Alliance with, 1997). These two principles describe a type of farming that practices responsible management of the land in a way that does not deplete natural resources or the human community. 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Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Discuss about th Leadership in Star Trek for Vulcan Leader. Answer: Introduction Leadership may be defined as the ability to guide an organization or a group of people. This may be considered a research area as well as a hands-on skill. There exist various viewpoints on the approaches taken to leadership. According to the environment of the academics in US, leadership maybe defined as the social influence process whereby the concerned person may support and help his fellow workers to accomplish a common job. These definitions change with the change in the approach towards the definition of the project. The following report discusses the leadership style of Captain Spock, a character from the television series based on science fiction. The report focusses on the leadership style of the Vulcan leader, Spock as depicted in the sixteenth episode of the first season of the series titled The Galileo Seven. The report attempts an analysis of the effectiveness of the leadership style and behavior of Captain Spock as depicted in the given episode. Discussion A media franchise of America brought into existence by Gene Roddenbury, Star Trek is based on science fiction (Gregory 2016; Greenberger, 2012). The story of the series narrates the adventures of the captain and crew of the fictional aircraft, USS Enterprise (NCC - 1701). The show is set in the twenty-third century in the 2260s in the Milky Way galaxy. The onboard crew of the spaceship include the captain of the ship, Captain James T. Kirk, the first officer Spock, who is also the science officer and the chief medical officer of the team, Leonard McCoy along with the other crew members. The spacecraft that has been in use in the television series is mentioned to be made by the interstellar Federal republic called United Federation of Planets. According to the storyline, the crew is entrusted with the duty of finding planets that may sustain lifeforms. The expedition is conducted in a relatively small part of the galaxy. The television series was first broadcasted on the 8th of Septem ber, 1966 on NBC in the United States. The episode in discussion, The Galileo Seven is the sixteenth episode of the first season of the series. The episode was first aired in on the 5th of January in the year 1967 in the United States (StarTrek.com 2017; Rehak 2016). In this episode, the U.S.S. Enterprise passes by the Murasaki 312, enroute to Makus III. the Makus III is ridden by plague and needs medical supplies which are to be delivered by the starship. The crew of the starship are under the orders from the Starfleet to inquire upon galactic phenomena similar to the exhibited by the beehive-like group of stars. Thus, seven members of the crew and the first officer, Spock embark on a journey to take a closer look of the star-group. The shuttle spacecraft is pulled out of their track and out of the range of sensors of the starship U.S.S. Enterprise. The crew manages a crash landing on a rocky area covered with fog on the Taurus II. The Taurus II is inhabited by huge, combative manlike creatures. The crew of the shuttlecraft along with the first officer had to face and defend themselves against the attacks of the humanoids while trying to mend the space shuttle and leave the hostile planet as soon as possible. Due to an ionization effect on the instruments of the space shuttle, the U.S.S. Enterprise fails in its attempts to find the Galileo. Commissioner Ferris, the federation official who was in charge of the mission to supply emergency medical supplements to the planet Makus III, had objected to undertaking of the exploration mission to explore the galactic phenomena at the quasar like formation of stars under the leadership of Spock, the science officer of the spacecraft (Startrek.com 2017). The Galactic High Commissioner demands that the captain of the spaceship, Captain Kirk call off the search for the lost shuttlecraft and proceed on their journey towards the plague-ridden planet of Makus III. In the meantime, on the Taurus II, two of the crew are murdered by the humanoids who reside on the planet. A crew member places an irrational demand for Spock. Spock was demanded to halt the repairmen of the space shuttle and participate in the burial of the dead crew. The logical insight of Spock bars him from complying to the wishes of the lieutenant in the situation that they were facing at the current moment. The Galileo manages to orbit around the planet in an unsteady manner while the starship crew gets busy in preparing for the flight to the planet Makus III. Spock realizes that the shuttle would not be making it out of the gravitational range of the planet and thus in an attempt to escape the planet, the science officer ignites the fuel that was left in the shuttle. The crew of the space shuttle get teleported to the space ship after the crew onboard the U.S.S. Enterprise detect a flare like that of a meteor as the space shuttle gets destroyed in the atmosphere of the Taurus II. Spock sticks to the point that the decision that he took to attempt a try at saving themselves was a logical Vulcan approach to the problem. Officer Spock, is an extremely logic-oriented person. Throughout the entire series, in every random situation the personality of this person which is revealed shows appropriate application of logic and reasoning devoid of emotional attachments. Captain Kirk acknowledges the same fact when he says that he has known Spock to have judged every situation based on logic and logic alone (Hermalin 2014; Hurwitz and Hurwitz 2015). A true leader must not let the air of pride cloud into his head. Spock displayed this trait in the earlier part of the episode, where he mentions that he is a very logical person and neither does he enjoy the idea of commanding nor is he frightened by it. True to his character, in this situation as well, Spock demonstrated his sense of proper reasoning when he spoke of the details of the weapon used to kill Latimer instead of emotionally speaking about the death of his comrade (Nichols 2017; Zehetner and Steinkellner 2014). This was not very readily accepted by two of the other crew members present there and they criticized him for his heartless behavior. On the subject of heading back to the starship it was observed that 150 pounds of weight needed to be dismounted to achieve escape velocity. This needed the crucial decision of sacrificing the life of one crew member back on planet Taurus-II or leaving none behind but jeopardizing the success rate of their survival. At times a leader is forced to take strong decisions, no matter how cruel it may seem, for the benefit of the entire team (Hicks 2017). Officer Spock exhibited such nervous strength under the umbrella of logical indifference and rationally, when he casually decided that it is the most logical solution to ensure the safety of the entire crew. This shows that though Officer Spock is emotionally ignorant, he is a responsible leader (Reynolds 2015; Balzac 2014). A leader must always keep faith in his abilities. He must keep his cool and calm even when the situation around him intensifies or his team members start doubting him (Hermalin 2014). Officer Spock exhibits such dedication and calmness when he sees that the fuel tank of his ship had been depleted. In all the adversities, he never lost his composure and had hope as well as his calm rational mind at work to calculate a way out of the difficult situation his team was in. This shows the composure of Spock as a leader. Although it might seem difficult, sometimes following through the seemingly irrational decision of the team mates is also a duty of the leader to keep their trust in themselves unaltered. As is seen in the case of Gaetanos death, although a proper burial was unnecessary and risky for the crew, but upon being insisted forcefully by his team, Spock decided in favor of the burial. This shows Spock knows when to let go of his personal decisions as a team leader and allow the wishes of his teammates as well. On rare occasions the most crucial decision a leader might have to take is to sacrifice his/her own self for the benefit or rather survival of his team. This requires an immense sense of dedication and responsibility to the team to put their survival even before ones own life, and Spock exhibited such dedication, when he was injured by one of the locals of planet Taurus-II, and ordered his team to leave him behind so that they may survive. His radical act of suddenly engaging the jet thrusters in hope of sending a distress signal, can also be judged as an act of heroism on part of the leader, when he successfully safe-zoned his team out of danger (Franco 2016). An overall judgement of the character of Spock reveals that leaders like him may not be too friendly to work with, but are uncompromising on the efficiency-front. They are dedicated, work-oriented, self-less and responsible leaders, valued and respected by the entire team (Halmburger, Baumert and Schmitt 2016; Duncan 2013). This is proven by the fact that the team members chose to rescue Spock and not leave him alone in-spite of his discreet orders to do so when he was injured. Conclusion In lieu of the above discussion, it may be said that Spock is a very rational and logical person. He tries to work based on only logic which his team members may find heart less at times Spock steps up boldly into every situation and helps his team reach new places and achieve what they had thought of accomplishing. Thus considering all aspects of the character, it may be said that Spock is a leader capable of guiding his team in the best possible manner. References Balzac, S.R., 2014. Leadership, Power, and Emotional Intelligence. InOrganizational Psychology for Managers(pp. 63-82). Springer New York. Duncan, C., 2013.Unite the Tribes: Leadership Skills for Technology Managers. Apress. Franco, Z.E., 2016. Heroism in Times of Crisis.Handbook of Heroism and Heroic Leadership, p.185. Greenberger, R., 2012.Star Trek: The Complete Unauthorized History. Voyageur Press (MN). Gregory, C., 2016.Star Trek: Parallel Narratives. Springer. Halmburger, A., Baumert, A. and Schmitt, M., 2016. Determinants of Moral Courage.Handbook of Heroism and Heroic Leadership. Hermalin, B.E., 2014. At the helm, Kirk or Spock? The pros and cons of charismatic leadership.Browser Download This Paper. Hermalin, B.E., 2014.At the Helm, Kirk or Spock? Why Even Wholly Rational Actors May Favor and Respond to Charismatic Leaders. Working paper, UC Berkeley. Hicks, E.A., 2017. Designing Effective Teams for Technical Services: The Role of Leadership, Followership, and Group Emotional Intelligence. Houllou, J.R.Z., 2016. A multido nos seriados Star Trek e Heroes: dissensos do imperialismo ao imprio.Doutorado Cincia da Linguagem Florianpolis-Tubaro. Hurwitz, M. and Hurwitz, S., 2015.Leadership is half the story: A fresh look at followership, leadership, and collaboration. University of Toronto Press. Nichols, K., 2017. Case Study# 4: Star Trek by Gene Roddenberry.Public Voices,13(2), pp.143-161. Rehak, B., 2016. Transmedia space battles: reference materials and miniatures wargames in 1970s Star Trek fandom.Science Fiction Film Television,9(3), pp.325-345. Reynolds, S., 2015.Leadership 101. Defense Acquisition University Fort Belvoir United States. Startrek.com (2017).Ferris, Galactic High Commissioner. [online] StarTrek.com. Available at: https://www.startrek.com/database_article/ferris [Accessed 15 Oct. 2017]. StarTrek.com (2017).Galileo Seven, The. [online] StarTrek.com. Available at: https://www.startrek.com/database_article/galileo-seven-the [Accessed 15 Oct. 2017]. Zehetner, K. and Steinkellner, P., 2014. Servant Leadership in Finance-Contradiction or Symbiosis?.International Journal of Arts Sciences,7(2), p.361.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Night by Elie Wisel In Night by Elie Wiesel, their are several instances of public hangings. Elie feels different about hanging the three men who steal soup, and the sad eyed angel. The public hangings are used as examples to what happens to prisoners if they break one of the rules. Elie has vivid memories about the public hanging. He tells us about them in the novel. One of the instances of a hanging, was when the sad eyed angel was hung. He was a kapo in the camp Elie was in. Elie liked him because of his kindness. He seemed to be the only officer in the camp that had an ounce of compassion. He hung for knowing about a secret weapon stash and not telling about it. For Elie, this symbolized the death of hope. This is where he started to loose faith in god. Another instance of a hanging, was when the three men where hanged for stealing soup. This did not effect Elie in the same way. He felt that they brought the death on themselves. They were paying the price for stealing the soup. He did not question the hanging. He knew if you break the rules, you will be killed. It was common knowledge in the camps. I am sure the men knew this, they were just overcome with hunger and could not think strait. The hangings lowered Elie's faith in god. Everytime someone died in the camp, Elie would stop believing in god just a little more. This ended with the death of his father. The first hanging Elie witnessed, was devastating. He had never seen anything like it. One horrific experience for Elie was when one person did not die during the hanging. He did not weigh enough for the fall to break his neck. He hung suffocating for a while. All the hangings were terrible experiences for Elie. Nobody could not walk away unaffected by the hangings. Every public killing deteriorated Elie's faith. The sad eyed angel was the end of hope for Elie. After that, he understood the murderous nature of the Holocaust. Elie walked away a completely different person than how he entered.